Ridhi Kalaria

Ridhi is a community and social impact researcher specialising in social issues and inequalities. After graduating with an MSc in Global Ethics from the University of Birmingham in 2011, she opened and managed a profitable Art and Community café, run as a social enterprise. It aimed to create a community hub –with a clear social purpose- in a diverse area suffering with high unemployment that encouraged opportunities for a cohesive community. Her research expertise includes investigating inequality in the NHS, university, police and local authorities in three UK cities, one of the founder’s launching Birmingham’s first local currency and research into volunteering in and around parks and open spaces in Birmingham.

9/11: The Al Qaeda attacks on New York’s Twin Towers and the Pentagon in Washington on 11th September 2001, which triggered President George W Bush’s ‘War on Terror’ and the  wars in Afghanistan and Iraq.

7/7: The co-ordinated bomb attacks on London by four young British men in the name of Al Qaeda, on 7th July 2005, which killed 52 people.

Al Qaeda: Terrorist group founded in 1988 by Osama Bin Laden, which committed the 9/11 attacks.

Islamic State (Daesh/IS/ISIS/ISIL): Terrorist group formed after the fall of Saddam Hussain in Iraq and the civil war in Syria. It is the most prominent recruiter of Westerners to its mission to establish its own state.

CONTEST & the ‘4 Ps’: The British Government’s Counter Terrorism strategy initiated in 2006, revised in 2011, consisting of 4 strands: Prepare, Protect, Prevent and Pursue.

Prevent: Aiming to stop (prevent) individuals from supporting terrorism or becoming terrorists.